ClassicalRungeKuttaFieldIntegrator.java

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
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/*
 * This is not the original file distributed by the Apache Software Foundation
 * It has been modified by the Hipparchus project
 */

package org.hipparchus.ode.nonstiff;

import org.hipparchus.CalculusFieldElement;
import org.hipparchus.Field;
import org.hipparchus.ode.FieldEquationsMapper;
import org.hipparchus.ode.FieldODEStateAndDerivative;
import org.hipparchus.util.MathArrays;

/**
 * This class implements the classical fourth order Runge-Kutta
 * integrator for Ordinary Differential Equations (it is the most
 * often used Runge-Kutta method).
 *
 * <p>This method is an explicit Runge-Kutta method, its Butcher-array
 * is the following one :
 * <pre>
 *    0  |  0    0    0    0
 *   1/2 | 1/2   0    0    0
 *   1/2 |  0   1/2   0    0
 *    1  |  0    0    1    0
 *       |--------------------
 *       | 1/6  1/3  1/3  1/6
 * </pre>
 * </p>
 *
 * @see EulerFieldIntegrator
 * @see GillFieldIntegrator
 * @see MidpointFieldIntegrator
 * @see ThreeEighthesFieldIntegrator
 * @see LutherFieldIntegrator
 * @param <T> the type of the field elements
 */

public class ClassicalRungeKuttaFieldIntegrator<T extends CalculusFieldElement<T>>
    extends RungeKuttaFieldIntegrator<T> {

    /** Simple constructor.
     * Build a fourth-order Runge-Kutta integrator with the given step.
     * @param field field to which the time and state vector elements belong
     * @param step integration step
     */
    public ClassicalRungeKuttaFieldIntegrator(final Field<T> field, final T step) {
        super(field, "classical Runge-Kutta", step);
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public T[] getC() {
        final T[] c = MathArrays.buildArray(getField(), 3);
        c[0] = getField().getOne().multiply(0.5);
        c[1] = c[0];
        c[2] = getField().getOne();
        return c;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public T[][] getA() {
        final T[][] a = MathArrays.buildArray(getField(), 3, -1);
        for (int i = 0; i < a.length; ++i) {
            a[i] = MathArrays.buildArray(getField(), i + 1);
        }
        a[0][0] = fraction(1, 2);
        a[1][0] = getField().getZero();
        a[1][1] = a[0][0];
        a[2][0] = getField().getZero();
        a[2][1] = getField().getZero();
        a[2][2] = getField().getOne();
        return a;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public T[] getB() {
        final T[] b = MathArrays.buildArray(getField(), 4);
        b[0] = fraction(1, 6);
        b[1] = fraction(1, 3);
        b[2] = b[1];
        b[3] = b[0];
        return b;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    protected ClassicalRungeKuttaFieldStateInterpolator<T>
        createInterpolator(final boolean forward, T[][] yDotK,
                           final FieldODEStateAndDerivative<T> globalPreviousState,
                           final FieldODEStateAndDerivative<T> globalCurrentState,
                           final FieldEquationsMapper<T> mapper) {
        return new ClassicalRungeKuttaFieldStateInterpolator<T>(getField(), forward, yDotK,
                                                               globalPreviousState, globalCurrentState,
                                                               globalPreviousState, globalCurrentState,
                                                               mapper);
    }

}